Burning mouth syndrome
Prevalence estimates on Rare Medical Network websites are calculated based on data available from numerous sources, including US and European government statistics, the NIH, Orphanet, and published epidemiologic studies. Rare disease population data is recognized to be highly variable, and based on a wide variety of source data and methodologies, so the prevalence data on this site should be assumed to be estimated and cannot be considered to be absolutely correct.
Age of Onset
Autosomal dominant ?A pathogenic variant in only one gene copy in each cell is sufficient to cause an autosomal dominant disease
Autosomal recessive ?Pathogenic variants in both copies of each gene of the chromosome are needed to cause an autosomal recessive disease and observe the mutant phenotype
X-linked dominant ?X-linked dominant inheritance, sometimes referred to as X-linked dominance, is a mode of genetic inheritance by which a dominant gene is carried on the X chromosome.
X-linked recessive ?Pathogenic variants in both copies of a gene on the X chromosome cause an X-linked recessive disorder
Mitochondrial or multigenic ?Mitochondrial genetic disorders can be caused by changes (mutations) in either the mitochondrial DNA or nuclear DNA that lead to dysfunction of the mitochondria and inadequate production of energy.
Multigenic or multifactor ?Inheritance involving many factors, of which at least one is genetic but none is of overwhelming importance, as in the causation of a disease by multiple genetic and environmental factors.
Other Names (AKA)
BMS; Stomatodynia; Burning mouth disorder
- Dry mouth, which can be caused by various medications or underlying health problems
- Other oral conditions, such as fungal infections, oral lichen planus, or geographic tongue
- Nutritional deficiencies, such as lack of iron, zinc, folic acid, thiamin, riboflavin, pyridoxine, and cobalamin
- Dentures, especially if they don't fit well and irritate the mouth
- Allergies or reactions to foods, additives, dyes or dental work
- Certain medications, in particular those for
high blood pressure
- Oral habits such as tooth grinding, tongue thrusting, or biting of the tongue
Endocrine disorders, such as diabetes or hypothyroidism
- Excessive mouth irritation which may result from over-brushing, use of abrasive toothpastes, over use of mouthwashes, or drinking too many acidic drinks
- Psychological factors, such as anxiety, depression, or stress
If the underlying cause of burning mouth
- A lozenge-type form of the anticonvulsant medication clonazepam (Klonopin)
- Oral thrush medications
- Medications that block nerve pan
- Certain antidepressants
- B vitamins
- Cognitive behavioral therapy
- Special oral rinses or mouth washes
- Saliva replacement products
In addition to these medications, the following measures may be helpful in reducing symptoms of burning mouth syndrome:
- Sip water frequently
- Suck on ice chips
- Chew sugarless gum
- Avoid irritating substances like tobacco, hot or spicy foods, alcoholic beverages, mouthwashes that contain alcohol, and products high in acid, like citrus fruits and juices, as well as cinnamon or mint.
These resources provide more information about this condition or associated symptoms. The in-depth resources contain medical and scientific language that may be hard to understand. You may want to review these resources with a medical professional.
- The American Academy of Family Physicians have developed an information page on burning mouth syndrome. Click on the link above to view the information page.
- The American Dental Association has developed an information page on burning mouth syndrome. Click on the link above to view the information page.
- The Mayo Clinic provides information about Burning mouth syndrome. Click on the above link to access this information.
- The Merck Manuals Online Medical Library provides information on this condition for patients and caregivers.
- The National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR), purposes to improve oral, dental and craniofacial health through research, research training, and the dissemination of health information. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
- Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
- The Merck Manual for health care professionals provides information on Burning mouth syndrome.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Burning mouth syndrome. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
- Burning Mouth Syndrome. National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research. July 2014; https://www.nidcr.nih.gov/oralhealth/Topics/Burning/Documents/BurningMouthSyndrome_082714_508C.pdf.
- Burning Mouth syndrome. MayoClinic.com. February 2, 2016; https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/burning-mouth-syndrome/home/ovc-20179959.