Hereditary angiopathy with nephropathy, aneurysms, and muscle cramps syndrome
Prevalence estimates on Rare Medical Network websites are calculated based on data available from numerous sources, including US and European government statistics, the NIH, Orphanet, and published epidemiologic studies. Rare disease population data is recognized to be highly variable, and based on a wide variety of source data and methodologies, so the prevalence data on this site should be assumed to be estimated and cannot be considered to be absolutely correct.
Age of Onset
Autosomal dominant ?A pathogenic variant in only one gene copy in each cell is sufficient to cause an autosomal dominant disease
Autosomal recessive ?Pathogenic variants in both copies of each gene of the chromosome are needed to cause an autosomal recessive disease and observe the mutant phenotype
X-linked dominant ?X-linked dominant inheritance, sometimes referred to as X-linked dominance, is a mode of genetic inheritance by which a dominant gene is carried on the X chromosome.
X-linked recessive ?Pathogenic variants in both copies of a gene on the X chromosome cause an X-linked recessive disorder
Mitochondrial or multigenic ?Mitochondrial genetic disorders can be caused by changes (mutations) in either the mitochondrial DNA or nuclear DNA that lead to dysfunction of the mitochondria and inadequate production of energy.
Multigenic or multifactor ?Inheritance involving many factors, of which at least one is genetic but none is of overwhelming importance, as in the causation of a disease by multiple genetic and environmental factors.
Other Names (AKA)
HANAC syndrome; Autosomal dominant familial hematuria-retinal arteriolar tortuosity-contractures syndrome; Hereditary angiopathy-nephropathy-aneurysms-muscle cramps syndrome
Congenital and Genetic Diseases; Kidney and Urinary Diseases; Nervous System Diseases
Hereditary angiopathy with nephropathy, aneurysms, and muscle cramps (HANAC)
This table lists symptoms that people with this disease may have. For most diseases, symptoms will vary from person to person. People with the same disease may not have all the symptoms listed. This information comes from a database called the Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) . The HPO collects information on symptoms that have been described in medical resources. The HPO is updated regularly. Use the HPO ID to access more in-depth information about a symptom.
|Medical Terms||Other Names||
|80%-99% of people have these symptoms|
|Multiple renal cysts||
Multiple kidney cysts
Renal failure in adulthood
[ more ]
|Retinal vascular tortuosity||0012841|
|5%-29% of people have these symptoms|
Blood in urine
|Percent of people who have these symptoms is not available through HPO|
|Dilatation of the cerebral artery||0004944|
|Retinal arteriolar tortuosity||0001136|
Related diseases are conditions that have similar signs and symptoms. A health care provider may consider these conditions in the table below when making a diagnosis. Please note that the table may not include all the possible conditions related to this disease.
Conditions with similar signs and symptoms from Orphanet
The differential diagnosis includes anophthalmia/microphthalmia (A/M), autosomal dominant retinal vasculopathy with cerebral leukodystrophy (RVCL), brain small-vessel with hemorrhage, cerebral autosomal dominant/recessive arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL/CARASIL), COL4A2-related porencephaly and intracerebral hemorrhages, and porencephaly type I.
Visit the Orphanet disease page for more information.
These resources provide more information about this condition or associated symptoms. The in-depth resources contain medical and scientific language that may be hard to understand. You may want to review these resources with a medical professional.
- Genetics Home Reference (GHR) contains information on Hereditary angiopathy with nephropathy, aneurysms, and muscle cramps syndrome. This website is maintained by the National Library of Medicine.
- GeneReviews provides current, expert-authored, peer-reviewed, full-text articles describing the application of genetic testing to the diagnosis, management, and genetic counseling of patients with specific inherited conditions.
- The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
- Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
- Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Hereditary angiopathy with nephropathy, aneurysms, and muscle cramps syndrome. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
- Plaisier E, Ronco P. COL4A1-Related Disorders. GeneReviews. March 8, 2011; https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK7046/. Accessed 5/14/2014.
- COL4A1-related brain small-vessel disease. Genetics Home Reference. September 2011; https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/col4a1-related-brain-small-vessel-disease. Accessed 5/14/2014.