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Cat scratch disease

Cat scratch disease is a bacterial infection caused by Bartonella henselae bacteria

Prevalence

1-9 / 100 000

3,310 - 29,790

US Estimated

5,135 - 46,215

Europe Estimated

Age of Onset

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ICD-10

A28.1

Inheritance

Autosomal dominant

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Autosomal recessive

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Mitochondrial/Multigenic

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X-linked dominant

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X-linked recessive

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5 Facts you should know

FACT

1

CSD is bacterial infection that primarily affects the lymph nodes

FACT

2

It is typically caused by the bacteria bartonella (Bartonella henselae)

FACT

3

It is usually transmitted by being scratched or bitten by a cat, but rarely, no scratch or bite is involved

FACT

4

Symptoms typically begin within 3–14 days following infection

FACT

5

In most patients the disease resolves spontaneously within 2-4 months without treatment

Cat scratch disease is also known as...

Cat scratch disease

Bartonellosis due to Bartonella henselae infection; Cat scratch fever, CSD

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Cat scratch disease (CSD) is also known as….

Common signs & symptoms

Most people with cat scratch disease have been bitten or scratched by a cat and develop a mild infection at the point of injury within about 3-14 days. The infected area may be warm and painful and may appear appear swollen and red with round, raised lesions. Lymph nodes, especially those around the head, neck, and upper limbs, become swollen.[2] Additionally, a person with cat scratch disease may experience fever, headache, fatigue, achiness and discomfort (malaise), sore throat, enlarged spleen, and/or loss of appetite.[3][4][2]

Top Clinical Trials

TitleDescriptionPhasesStatusInterventionsMore Information
Intra-nodal Injection of Gentamicin for the Treatment of Suppurated Cat Scratch Disease's Lymphadenitis (BIGG)

(Trial in France)
Double blind controlled study versus placebo. Patients with suppurated CSD's lymphadenitis will receive immediately after the pus aspiration (performed for a diagnostic purpose) an intra-nodal injection of gentamicin or of placebo (NaCl 0,9%) and be treated with oral azithromycin for 5 days.Phase 3RecruitingDrugs: gentamicin, azithromycin. Drug: placeboMore Info

Top Treatments in Research

AgentClass/Mechanism of ActionDevelopment StatusCompanyClinical StudiesMore Information
gentamycinAminoglycosidePhase 3University Hospital, ToulouseMore InfoMore Info